Living Lab 3 - Athens

LL3 Athens deployed and tested the PRECINCT Platform in terms of increasing the resilience of CIs (rail and road network along the Athens Airport / Attiki Odos corridor as well as along the urban rail / road network) in the case of various cyber-physical attack scenarios. The thematic focus was the Athens region transport resilience. As the LL3 participants represent the principal transport network for Athens, a city of over 4 million people and normally destination of over 25 million visitors a year, presents a challenging but crucial case for resilience management of interconnected transport Cis.

Initial threat scenarios

A range of cyber-physical threat scenarios reflecting both threat interdependencies, but also potential collaborative resilience measures have been identified which were evaluated and refined using the serious games approach. These initial theat scenarios included:

  • Cyber-attack through a third-party support engineer accessing the airport’s building assessment system (BMS);
  • Communications with the Airport, Metro and Road stakeholders is paramount for safe operations. Any attack or physical disaster that could have an impact on the seamless operation of the voice, data, radio, air to ground communications severely impairs airport operations
  • A threat scenario under a seismic event was considered, as the Greater Urban Area of Athens has a moderate to high chance of a reasonably large earthquake in the next 50 years


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